Spatio temporal Distribution of Sericulture Concentration in Western Himalayan region of Kashmir valley: A District level Analysis

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Sericulture is an allied sector of agriculture which includes agro -forestry cottage industry that plays a crucial role in sustainable livelihood generation for economy of Kashmir. It include backward and forward linkage process including cultivation of mulberry plantations, silkworm rearing to produce the silk cocoons, cocoon reeling for untwisting silk filament, yarn making, weaving and silk fabric processing. The present study aims to highlight spatial trends, concentration and distribution of sericulture with respect to mulberry and silk cocoons from 2005-2006 to 2019-2020 in Kashmir valley. To ascertain district wise trends and concentration of sericulture development in Kashmir valley, Compound annual growth rate and Evaluation index model was used to achieve objective of the study. The results reveals that concentration of sericulture is maximum in southern and northern parts of Kashmir valley includes Anantnag, Kupwara, Baramulla and minimum in central parts of Kashmir. Sericulture concentration and spatial distribution in districts of Kashmir was depicted by incorporating Arc GIS 10.4 which aims to identify areas for sericulture development in Kashmir valley. Therefore the need of sericulture policy interventions by the Government and comprehensive strategic approach which is not only important from viewpoint of potential income generating activities but also as the key contribution to the GDP of the J and K economy.

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